As 2016 comes to a close, the New Year brings with it a lot of new diet and food trends. According to Dr. J.J. Mayo, a registered dietitian nutritionist and associate professor in nutrition at the University of Central Arkansas, Paleo, vegan and eating clean were all the rage in 2016. Here he shares a few of the hot trends for 2017.


So what the heck is a FODMAP? FODMAP is a long acronym for a short-chain carbohydrate, or “sugar,” found in a variety of foods. Examples of high FODMAP foods are stone fruits like cherries, peaches and plums, vegetables like artichokes and cabbage, and legumes such as soy and chickpeas. As you might expect, sweeteners and high-fructose corn syrup are very high FODMAP foods.

People with stomach issues like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a slow-moving gut or other bowel disorders may not tolerate foods with FODMAPS. With up to 20 percent of Americans struggling with IBS, diets that limit FODMAPs will only increase in popularity.


The Keto Diet

The Ketogenic (or Keto) diet is the trendiest since Paleo came on the scene. One of the most frequently searched in Google, there are literally dozens of Keto blogs, podcasts, Instagram accounts and cookbooks. The low-carb, high-fat diet is touted to reduce inflammation, drop weight quickly and control blood-sugar levels for those who are diabetic.

Ketogenic diets train your body to rely on fat for fuel instead of carbohydrates. When you dramatically restrict your intake of carbs, you can achieve ketosis, in which the body produces ketone bodies from fat to use as energy.

The diet has been around for decades, but has recently become more popular among high-profile celebrities like LeBron James and Kim Kardashian. LeBron uses the diet to improve athletic performance, while the diet, as rumor has it, helped Kardashian lose her baby weight.

Learning how to properly manage dietary ketosis is key to the diet's success. Most try to go it alone, but Dr. Mayo recommends you seek a doctor's supervision and dietary guidance from a registered dietitian nutritionist.


Bone Broth — The Next Green Juice?

Bone broth is obtained by the prolonged boiling of meat bones until they are converted to gelatin. The key health benefits of bone broth are due to the nutritional content of its bones, regardless of the animal. This broth contains a wide range of important nutrients like protein and essential amino acids, vitamins, minerals and collagen.   

Some of the purported health benefits include alleviating joint aches and pains, reduced digestive issues and improved immune function. Plus, bone broth is a soup, so its nutrients are easy for our bodies to absorb.


Sensational Sardines

Sardines may not be the largest or most popular fish in the sea, but that could change very soon. Sardines are high in omega-3 fatty acids, protein and Vitamin D. Companies are making sardines "fancy" by updating their packaging and creating smoked varieties and prize-worthy, attractive pieces of fish. One thing’s for sure — these aren’t your grandfather’s sardines.